Nimble technology and clinical expertise enabled Virginia Premier Health Plan to quickly implement opioid rules, improve care and their bottom line.
Virginia Premier Health Plan (VPHP), a managed care organization owned by the Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, serves 200,000 vulnerable population members in Virginia by delivering quality driven, culturally sensitive, and financially viable healthcare.
When the State of Virginia prioritized the problem of opioid addiction, VPHP needed a partner with the infrastructure, resources, and flexibility to meet new requirements and provide data to proactively address the epidemic.
Rapid Enforcement of Opioid Regulations Brought Challenges
In a memo released on December 1, 2016, the State of Virginia outlined new policies that it required all health plans offering Medicaid programs to implement. These included “the use of a uniform, streamlined prior authorization form for short and long-acting opioids for members receiving new prescriptions starting on December 1, 2016 and all members on April 1, 2017.” The immediate changes included:
- Expansion of formularies to include non-opioid pain relievers without prior authorization requirements for all members. These include lidocaine patches, capsaicin gel, gabapentin, SNRIs including duloxetine, pregabalin (Lyrica®) with step edits, NSAIDs including oral and topical, baclofen, and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). Additionally, Buprenorphine (Butrans®) patches and/or buprenorphine (Belbuca™) buccal film needed to be added to formularies as an alternative to long-acting opioids for select patients and will require prior authorization.
- Coverage for naloxone injection and nasal spray without prior authorization.
- Opioid quantity limits and uniform prior authorization requirements for short-acting opioids less than 7 days per fill or greater than 7 days within a 60-day time period (2nd fill) or less than 90 MME/day for new prescriptions only (less than 28 days of opioid therapy within the last 60 days).
- Implementation of hard edits or denials for short-acting opioids in excess of 7-day quantity limits, cumulative MME greater than 120. Also, hard edits or denials for concomitant use of benzodiazepine and opioid medications for new prescriptions only.
- Uniform prior authorization forms for all members on existing opioid therapies and new starts of short-acting opioids prescribed for greater than two 14-day supplies for 60 days. This uniform criteria includes several requirements for short-acting opioids and long-acting opioids, including documenting trial and failure of non-opioid pain relievers, calculation of MME, starting opioids at the lowest effective dose and other requirements.
This legislative change was an important initiative for the State to help address the opioid addiction problem, which it labeled a public health emergency. In addition to citing more than 1,000 fatal overdoses in Virginia in 2015 and an increase of 35% in 2016, the state’s opioid epidemic also includes an increase in the number of children exposed to drugs in utero by 21%, resulting in more cases of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
Due to the complexity and immediate nature of the regulations, VPHP needed the support of a pharmacy partner that could be flexible and nimble, and help them meet these new and varying requirements with a very quick turnaround for implementation.
Compliance Requirements Met; Opioid Use Reduced; $370K in Savings Realized
Upon announcement of the State of Virginia’s emergency regulation regarding changes to opioid medications, several other health plans requested additional time to implement the changes. Although the changes were detailed and required a great deal of programming changes to the adjudication software, Envision was able to complete the changes for VPHP within a 30-day time period—even faster than the State’s own pharmacy benefit administrator (PBA). Because Envision owns all of the pieces of the pharmacy care experience, including LakerSoftware, an adjudication software platform, we can be more flexible and responsive than any other PBM.
“Having access to the actual software system and those who manage it, allowed us to make a rapid change,” said Javier Menendez, VP Pharmacy for Virginia Premier Health Plan. “Implementing these edits, although a state requirement, was also a great cost saver for the plan, and a safeguard for our members utilizing opioids.”
As a result of the quick turnaround, VPHP was able to implement the new opioid dispensing rules and prior authorization edits, reducing the total cost of opioids 15% and overall opioid utilization among its population—an 18% decrease in the number of prescriptions filled and a 19% decrease in overall quantity of pills dispensed. This represents a savings of nearly $370,000 over the same six month time period during the prior year.
“It was an amazing feeling to report that our plan was compliant and actively addressing this emergency issue, while many of the big-name health plans were struggling to implement the requirements,” beamed Javier. “More than anything, I knew that our members were receiving the benefit of this change. I couldn’t ask for a more impressive display of responsiveness from my PBM team.”
 Jones, C. (2016). Medicaid Memo: Implementation of CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain – Coverage of Non-Opioid Pain Relievers and Uniform, Streamlined Prior Authorization For New Prescriptions Effective Dec 1 2016. State of Virginia, Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS). Richmond: DMAS. Retrieved from https://www.msv.org/sites/default/files/PDFs/12.1.16_guideline_for_opioids_non_opioid_pain_relievers_revised_final.pdf
 Demeria, K. 2017. Va. Board creates new opioid prescription guidelines. Richmond Times-Dispatch, February 20, 2017. Retrieved from http://www.richmond.com/life/health/va-board-creates-new-opioid-prescription-guidelines/article_34ceace4-24f7-5125-9445-680f6f7bede4.html